Mapatumumab, a Fully Human Agonistic Monoclonal Antibody That Targets TRAIL-R1, in Combination with Gemcitabine and Cisplatin: a Phase I Study

CH Mom, Jaap Verweij, CNAM Oldenhuis, JA Gietema, NL Fox, R Miceli, Ferry Eskens, Walter Loos, EGE de Vries, Stefan Sleijfer

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and antitumor activity of mapatumumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody targeting tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand receptor 1 (TRAIL-R1), in combination with gemcitabine and cisplatin. Experimental Design: Patients with advanced solid tumors received gemcitabine 1,250 mg/m(2) i.V. on days 1 and 8 and cisplatin 80 mg/m(2) i.V. on day 1 of each 21-day cycle. Escalating mapatumumab doses were administered i.v. every 21 days. Toxicity was evaluated and pharmacokinetic analysis of plasma mapatumumab, gemcitabine, 2-difluoro-2-deoxyuridine, and unbound and total platinum was done. TRAIL-R1 tumor expression was determined immunohistochemically. Results: Forty-nine patients received mapatumumab (1 mg/kg, n = 4; 3 mg/kg, n = 7; 10 mg/kg, n = 12; 20 mg/kg, n = 13; or 30 mg/kg, n = 13). A median of six cycles (range, 1-48) was administered. The adverse events most commonly observed reflect the toxicity profile of gemcitabine and cisplatin. Dose-limiting toxicities were seen in 3 of 12 patients at 10 mg/kg, consisting of grade 3 transaminitis, neutropenic fever, and grade 4 thrombocytopenia. At 20 mg/kg, 2 of 12 patients had dose-limiting toxicities, including grade 4 thrombocytopenia and grade 4 fatigue. The maximum tolerated dose was not reached. Pharmacokinetic interactions have not been observed. Twelve patients had a partial response, and 25 patients showed stable disease with a median duration of 6 months. Conclusions: Mapatumumab in combination with gemcitabine and cisplatin is safe and well tolerated at doses up to 30 mg/kg. Further studies on this combination are warranted. (Clin Cancer Res 2009;15(17):5584-90)
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)5584-5590
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume15
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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