Today’s world economies are connected through intercontinental supply chains, consisting of a combination of land and sea transport and using terminals and warehouses as nodal points. Containerization has lowered transportation and handling costs substantially and has allowed international trade to reach today’s high levels. In search of lower costs, companies have looked for increasing economies of scale in larger ships and in terminal automation, driven by advances in information technology. Yet these developments have led to new problems due to the complexity of automated systems. Bottlenecks have shifted from sea to land transport, while environmental pressures encouraged the development of intermodal transport and slow steaming. The primary objective of this special issue of the Flexible Services and Manufacturing (FSM) Journal is to reflect on recent developments in maritime and landside container transport and to examine research issues concerned with quantitative analysis and decision support for container terminal logistics and freight transportation systems. Five papers, written as a result of the LOGMS 2014 Conference on Logistics and Maritime Systems, held in Rotterdam, Netherlands, have been selected for publication after a thorough peer-review according to the standards of the FSM journal.