Meaningful outcomes for children and their caregivers attending a paediatric brain centre

Myrna A. Heydenrijk-Kikkert*, Ann Katrin K. Schmidt, Robert Pangalila, Marie Claire Y. De Wit, Neeltje E.M. van Haren, Marie Lise C. Van Veelen, Marij E. Roebroeck

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
43 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Aim: To identify meaningful outcomes of children and their caregivers attending a paediatric brain centre. Method: We compiled a long list of outcomes of health and functioning of children with brain-related disorders such as cerebral palsy, spina bifida, (genetic) neurodevelopmental disorders, and acquired brain injury. We incorporated three perspectives: patients, health care professionals, and published outcome sets. An aggregated list was categorized using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health: Children and Youth version in a patient validation survey for children and parent-caregivers to prioritize outcomes. Outcomes were considered meaningful when ranked ‘very important’ by 70% or more of the participants. Results: We identified 104 outcomes from the three perspectives. After categorizing, 59 outcomes were included in the survey. Thirty-three surveys were completed by children (n = 4), caregivers (n = 24), and parent-caregivers together with their child (n = 5). Respondents prioritized 27 meaningful outcomes covering various aspects of health and functioning: emotional well-being, quality of life, mental and sensory functions, pain, physical health, and activities (communication, mobility, self-care, interpersonal relationships). Parent-caregiver concerns and environmental factors were newly identified outcomes. Interpretation: Children and parent-caregivers identified meaningful outcomes covering various aspects of health and functioning, including caregiver concerns and environmental factors. We propose including those in future outcome sets for children with neurodisability. What this paper adds: Outcomes that children with brain-related disorders and their parent-caregivers consider to be the most meaningful cover a wide range of aspects of functioning. Involving these children and their parent-caregivers resulted in the identification of important outcomes that were not covered by professionals and the literature. Parent-caregiver-related factors (coping, burden of care) and environmental factors (support, attitudes, and [health care] services) were identified as meaningful.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1493-1500
Number of pages8
JournalDevelopmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Volume65
Issue number11
Early online date18 Apr 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded by Rijndam Rehabilitation, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. We thank the children and parent‐caregivers who participated in the advisory panel for working with us to develop the online survey questionnaire. We also thank the families that participated in the patient validation survey. We thank the Friends of the Sophia Hospital Foundation for their support, the professionals of the Paediatric Brain Centre for their input, and our colleagues for recruiting children and their parent‐caregivers in their consultation, both at the Erasmus MC—Sophia Children's Hospital and Rijndam Rehabilitation.

Funding Information:
This study was funded by Rijndam Rehabilitation, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. We thank the children and parent-caregivers who participated in the advisory panel for working with us to develop the online survey questionnaire. We also thank the families that participated in the patient validation survey. We thank the Friends of the Sophia Hospital Foundation for their support, the professionals of the Paediatric Brain Centre for their input, and our colleagues for recruiting children and their parent-caregivers in their consultation, both at the Erasmus MC—Sophia Children's Hospital and Rijndam Rehabilitation.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Mac Keith Press.

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