Measuring Upper Airway Volume: Accuracy and Reliability of Dolphin 3D Software Compared to Manual Segmentation in Craniosynostosis Patients

VR Water, Joan Saridin, Frederik Bouw, Magdalena Murawska, Maarten Koudstaal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To test the accuracy and reliability of Dolphin 3-dimensional (3D) software airway analysis compared with manual segmentation in patients who underwent a Le Fort III osteotomy. Materials and Methods: Computed tomographic scans of 20 patients with syndromic craniosynostosis at Sophia's Children's Hospital (Rotterdam, The Netherlands) were used for airway volume measurements using Dolphin 3D. The same scans had been used for measurement using a manual segmentation method. The results of this previous study were reported in 2010. The manual segmentation measuring result was used as a gold standard. The airway was subdivided into the oropharynx and the nasal passage. A linear mixed effects statistical model was applied. Results: Dolphin 3D measurements differed from manual segmentation by 9 to 43%, depending on the observer, the time at which the measured scan was acquired (pre- or postoperative), and the airway compartment being measured. The highest accuracy for Dolphin 3D was found for measurements from postoperative scans of the nasal passage. Conclusion: The airway analysis tool of Dolphin 3D is not accurate or reliable enough to use in a Le Fort III osteotomy evaluation. When scanning properties are conditioned and measurements are standardized, accuracy and reliability may increase. (C) 2014 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)139-144
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Research programs

  • EMC OR-01-59-01

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