Mechanical Circulatory Support Devices Improve Tissue Perfusion in Patients With End-Stage Heart Failure or Cardiogenic Shock

Corstiaan Uil, A.P.W.M. Maat, WK Lagrand, M van der Ent, Lucia Jewbali, R.J. van Thiel, PE Spronk, Maarten Simoons

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Abstract

Objectives: This study evaluated the effects of mechanical circulatory support (MCS) on sub-lingual microcirculation as a surrogate for splanchnic microvascular perfusion. Methods: Between May 2008 and April 2009, 10 consecutive patients received an MCS device or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for end-stage chronic heart failure (n = 6) or cardiogenic shock (n = 4). Microcirculation was investigated using a hand-held Sidestream Dark Field imaging device. Perfused capillary density (PCD) and capillary red blood cell velocity (cRBCv) were assessed before device implantation (T0), immediately after implantation (T1), and 1 day after implantation (T2). Results: Median patient age was 45 years (interquartile range [IQR] 38-52 years) and 70% were men. MCS significantly decreased pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (p = 0.04). Median cardiac power index increased (0.29 [IQR, 0.21-0.34] W/m(2) at T0 vs 0.48 [IQR, 0.39-0.54] W/m(2) at T1, p = 0.005) as well as median central venous oxygen saturation (54% [IQR, 46%-61%] at T0 vs 78% [IQR, 67%- 85%] at T1, p = 0.007). There was a 3-fold increase in tissue perfusion index (sub-lingual PCD X cRBCv) during mechanical circulatory support (573 [IQR, 407-693] at T0 vs 1909 [IQR, 1771-2835] at T1, p = 0.005). Microcirculatory parameters remained improved at T2. Conclusion: Mechanical circulatory support for severe heart failure is associated with a consistent, significant, and sustained improvement in tissue perfusion, as measured at the bedside by a 2-dimensional microcirculation imaging technique. J Heart Lung Transplant 2009;28:906-11. Copyright (C) 2009 by the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)906-911
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Volume28
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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