Meta-analysis of colorectal cancer follow-up after potentially curative resection

Sahar Mokhles, F Macbeth, V Farewell, F Fiorentino, NR Williams, RN Younes, Hanneke Takkenberg, T Treasure

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Abstract

BackgroundAfter potentially curative resection of primary colorectal cancer, patients may be monitored by measurement of carcinoembryonic antigen and/or CT to detect asymptomatic metastatic disease earlier. MethodsA systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to find evidence for the clinical effectiveness of monitoring in advancing the diagnosis of recurrence and its effect on survival. MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science and other databases were searched for randomized comparisons of increased intensity monitoring compared with a contemporary standard policy after resection of primary colorectal cancer. ResultsThere were 16 randomized comparisons, 11 with published survival data. More intensive monitoring advanced the diagnosis of recurrence by a median of 10 (i.q.r. 5-24) months. In ten of 11 studies the authors reported no demonstrable difference in overall survival. Seven RCTs, published from 1995 to 2016, randomly assigned 3325 patients to a monitoring protocol made more intensive by introducing new methods or increasing the frequency of existing follow-up protocols versus less invasive monitoring. No detectable difference in overall survival was associated with more intensive monitoring protocols (hazard ratio 098, 95 per cent c.i. 087 to 111). ConclusionBased on pooled data from randomized trials published from 1995 to 2016, the anticipated survival benefit from surgical treatment resulting from earlier detection of metastases has not been achieved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1259-1268
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Surgery
Volume103
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Research programs

  • EMC COEUR-09

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