Meta-analysis of genomic variants in power and endurance sports to decode the impact of genomics on athletic performance and success

Aikaterini Psatha, Zeina N. Al-Mahayri, Christina Mitropoulou, George P. Patrinos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Association between genomic variants and athletic performance has seen a high degree of controversy, as there is often conflicting data as far as the association of genomic variants with endurance, speed and strength is concerned. Here, findings from a thorough meta-analysis from 4228 articles exploring the association of genomic variants with athletic performance in power and endurance sports are summarized, aiming to confirm or overrule the association of genetic variants with athletic performance of all types. From the 4228 articles, only 107 were eligible for further analysis, including 37 different genes. From these, there were 21 articles for the ACE gene, 29 articles for the ACTN3 gene and 8 articles for both the ACE and ACTN3 genes, including 54,382 subjects in total, from which 11,501 were endurance and power athletes and 42,881 control subjects. These data show that there is no statistically significant association between genomic variants and athletic performance either for endurance or power sports, underlying the fact that it is highly risky and even unethical to make such genetic testing services for athletic performance available to the general public. Overall, a strict regulatory monitoring should be exercised by health and other legislative authorities to protect the public from such services from an emerging discipline that still lacks the necessary scientific evidence and subsequent regulatory approval.

Original languageEnglish
Article number47
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Genomics
Volume18
Issue number1
Early online date17 May 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 May 2024

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Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2024.

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