Metabolism of angiotensin I by different tissues in the intact animal

Jan Danser, MMG (Monique) Koning, Peter J.J. Admiraal, F.H.M. Derkx, P.D. Verdouw, MADH (Maarten) Schalekamp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

To quantify regional conversion of angiotensin (ANG) I to ANG II and its degradation to peptides other than ANG II, monoiodinated 125I-labeled ANG I was given to anesthetized pigs by constant infusion into the left cardiac ventricle. At steady state, blood samples were taken from the aorta and various regional veins. Distribution volume of ANG I appeared to be 24% of body weight. After angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor treatment, fractional ANG I metabolism (fraction of arterially delivered ANG I that was metabolized during a single passage of blood) was 10% in the lungs (conversion 4%), compared with 56% in the combined systemic vascular beds (conversion 1%). Fractional ANG I metabolism during ACE inhibition was 93% in the kidney; 50-70% in myocardium, skeletal muscle, head, and skin; 21% in the left cardiac cavity; and 14% in the right cardiac cavity. Without ACE inhibition, fractional ANG I metabolism was 29% in the lungs (conversion 25%); 49% in the combined systemic vascular beds (conversion 10%); 38% in the left cardiac cavity (conversion 11%); and 14% in the right cardiac cavity (conversion 0%). It may thus be concluded that 1) extrapulmonary vascular beds make an important contribution to the conversion of circulating ANG I and 2) there is rapid extrapulmonary ANG I degradation that does not depend on ANG I-II conversion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H418-H428
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume263
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1002

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