MicroRNA profiles in graft preservation solution are predictive of ischemic-type biliary lesions after liver transplantation

Renee Verhoeven, Waqar Farid, Petra Ruiter, Bettina Hansen, Henk Roest, Jeroen de Jonge, Jaap Kwekkeboom, Herold Metselaar, Hugo Tilanus, G Kazemier, Luc van der Laan

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Abstract

Background & Aims: Ischemic-type biliary lesions (ITBL) are the second most common cause of graft loss after liver transplantation. Though the exact pathophysiology of ITBL is unknown, bile duct injury during graft preservation is considered to be a major cause. Here we investigated whether the release of cholangiocyte-derived microRNAs (CDmiRs) during graft preservation is predictive of the development of ITBL after liver transplantation. Methods: Graft preservation solutions (perfusates) and paired liver biopsies collected at the end of cold ischemia were analysed by RT-qPCR for CDmiR-30e, CDmiR-222, and CDmiR-296 and hepatocyte-derived miRNAs (HDmiRs) HDmiR-122 and HDmiR-148a. MicroRNAs in perfusates were evaluated on their stability by incubation and fractionation experiments. MicroRNA profiles in perfusates from grafts that developed ITBL (n = 20) and grafts without biliary strictures (n = 37) were compared. Results: MicroRNAs in perfusates were proven to be stable and protected against degradation by interacting proteins. Ratios between HDmiRs/CDmiRs were significantly higher in perfusates obtained from grafts that developed ITBL (p <0.01) and were identified as an independent risk factor by multivariate analysis (p <0.01, HR: 6.89). The discriminative power of HDmiRs/CDmiRs in perfusates was validated by analysis of separate brain death( DBD) and cardiac death donors (DBD; p <= 0.016) and was supe Conclusions: This study demonstrates that differential release of CDmiRs during graft preservation is predictive of the development of ITBL after liver transplantation. This provides new evidence for the link between graft-related bile duct injury and the risk for later development of ITBL. (C) 2013 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1231-1238
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hepatology
Volume59
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Research programs

  • EMC MM-04-20-01
  • EMC MM-04-20-02-A
  • EMC MM-04-47-07

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