Mid-Term Results of EVAR in Severe Proximal Aneurysm Neck Angulation

Nelson Gomes Oliveira, Frederico Bastos Goncalves, JPPM de Vries, Klaas Ultee, DAB Werson, Sanne Hoeks, F Moll, JA van Herwaarden, Hence Verhagen

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Abstract

Objective: To determine if mid-term outcome following endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) with the Endurant Stent Graft (Medtronic, Santa Rosa, CA, USA) is influenced by severe proximal neck angulation. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was performed using data from a prospective multicenter database. All measurements were obtained using dedicated reconstruction software and center-lumen line reconstruction. Patients with neck length >15 mm, infrarenal angle (beta) >75 degrees, and/or suprarenal angle (alpha) >60 degrees, or neck length >10 mm with beta >60 degrees, and/or alpha >45 degrees were compared with a matched control group. Primary endpoint was primary clinical success. Secondary endpoints were freedom from rupture, type 1A endoleak, stent fractures, freedom from neck-related reinterventions, and aneurysm-related adverse events. Morphological neck variation over time was also assessed. Results: Forty-five patients were included in the study group and were compared with a matched control group with 65 patients. Median follow-up time was 49.5 months (range 30.5-58.4). The 4-year primary clinical success estimates were 83% and 80% for the angulated and nonangulated groups (p = .42). Proximal neck angulation did not affect primary clinical success in a multivariate model (hazard ratio 1.56, 95% confidence interval 0.55-4.41). Groups did not differ significantly in regard to freedom from rupture (p = .79), freedom from type 1A endoleak (p = .79), freedom from neck-related adverse events (p = .68), and neck-related reinterventions (p = .68). Neck angle reduction was more pronounced in patients with severe proximal neck angulation (mean Delta alpha -15.6 degrees, mean Delta beta -30.6 degrees) than in the control group (mean Delta alpha -0.39 degrees, mean Delta beta -5.9 degrees) (p < .001). Conclusion: Mid-term outcomes following [VAR with the Endurant Stent Graft were not influenced by severe proximal neck angulation in our population. Despite the conformability of the device, moderate aortic neck remodeling was identified in the group of patients with angulated neck anatomy on the first computed tomography scan after implantation with no important further remodeling afterwards. No device integrity failures were encountered. (c) 2014 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)19-27
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Research programs

  • EMC COEUR-09

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