Minimizing the perfusion system by integration of the components. Does it affect the hematocrit drop and transfused red blood cells? A retrospective audit

Ricardo Boks, Carina Pelt, Hanneke Takkenberg, Ad Bogers

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Abstract

Background: We evaluate the affect on the hematocrit (Hct) drop and the amount of transfused red blood cells (RBCs) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in adult cardiac surgery patients due to minimizing the CPB circuit by using integrated components. Methods: Two hundred and seventy-two patients were included in this retrospective audit. Patients were assigned to three cohorts: the first cohort consisted of patients operated on with a CPB circuit volume of 1630 ml in 2008; the second cohort of such patients in 2010, with 1380 ml; and the third cohort of such patients in 2011, with 1250 ml. Results: There were no significant differences with respect to patient demographics. The priming volume was consecutively significantly reduced; (1635 84 ml, 1384 +/- 72 ml and 1256 +/- 130 ml, p<0.0001). A trend of decreased amount of RBCs during CPB was visible (cohort 1630: 98 +/- 195 ml, cohort 1380: 35 +/- 151 ml and cohort 1250: 48 +/- 113 ml, p=0.02). Also, the amount of RBCs during the total CPB procedure shows a decreased trend (cohort 1630: 122 +/- 230 ml, cohort 1380: 52 +/- 180 ml and cohort 1250: 71 +/- 156 ml, p=0.04). Blood loss during CPB was significantly lower in cohorts 1380 and 1250 (1630: 922 +/- 378 ml, 1380: 706 +/- 347 ml and 1250: 708 +/- 418 ml, p<0.0001). The volume of diuresis was significantly larger in cohort 1630 (1630: 1166 +/- 800 ml, 1380: 477 +/- 530 ml and 1250: 523 +/- 504 ml, p<0.0001). The Hct drop at the start and end of CPB was significantly reduced comparing cohort 1630 with cohort 1250 (1630: 32 +/- 7%, 1380: 30 +/- 7% and 1250: 28 +/- 10%, p=0.002) at the start of CPB and (1630: 31 +/- 7%, 1380: 29 +/- 7% and 1250: 28 +/- 8%, p=0.016) at the end of CPB. The Hct values at the start and end of CPB were significantly different between the cohorts (1680: 0.23 +/- 0.03 L/L - 0.22 +/- 0.02 L/L, 1380: 0.25 +/- 0.03 L/L - 0.25 +/- 0.03 L/L and 1250: 0.25 +/- 0.03 L/L- 0.25 +/- 0.03 L/L, p= 0.001 and 0.0001). Conclusions: Minimizing our CPB circuit by using integrated components has affected the drop of Hct and the amount of transfused RBCs.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)127-131
Number of pages5
JournalPerfusion-Uk
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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  • EMC COEUR-09

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