Misleading memes: The effects of deceptive visuals of the British National Party

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
27 Downloads (Pure)


This study investigates how visual manipulation is employed on the Facebook page of a far-right party; and whether manipulation evokes different forms of engagement from Facebook users. The study takes as a case the Facebook page of the British National Party (BNP), which has recently been censored from the social media platform. It therefore provides a rare insight in the visual practices of the party’s online political communication. A manual coding of 342 images into factual, funny, fallacious or fabricated content finds that completely fabricated information in images is rare. However, most images do contain information that is presented in a fallacious or misleading manner. The results show how deliberate manipulated images evoke more engagement in the form of comments and more negative emotional responses than images that present information in a factual or funny manner.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-179
Number of pages25
JournalPartecipazione e Conflitto
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes

Research programs



Dive into the research topics of 'Misleading memes: The effects of deceptive visuals of the British National Party'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this