Mitochondrial oxygen monitoring with COMET: verification of calibration in man and comparison with vascular occlusion tests in healthy volunteers

R. Ubbink*, M. A. Wefers Bettink, W. van Weteringen, E. G. Mik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Mitochondria are the primary consumers of oxygen and therefore an important location for oxygen availability and consumption measurement. A technique has been developed for mitochondrial oxygen tension (mitoPO2) measurement, incorporated in the COMET. In contrast to most textbooks, relatively high average mitoPO2 values have been reported. The first aim of this study was to verify the validity of the COMET calibration for mitoPO2 measurements in human skin. The second aim was to compare the dynamics of mitoPO2 to several other techniques assessing tissue oxygenation. Firstly, we performed a two-point calibration. Mitochondrial oxygen depletion was achieved with vascular occlusion. A high mitoPO2 was reached by local application of cyanide. MitoPO2 was compared to the arterial oxygen partial pressure (PaO2). Secondly, for deoxygenation kinetics we compared COMET variables with the LEA O2C, SenTec OxiVenT™ and Medtronic INVOS™ parameters during a vascular occlusion test. 20 healthy volunteers were recruited and resulted in 18 datasets (2 times 9 subjects). The lowest measured mitoPO2 value per subject had a median [IQR] of 3.0 [1.0–4.0] mmHg, n = 9. After cyanide application the mitoPO2 was 94.1 mmHg [87.2–110.9] and did not differ significantly (n = 9, p = 0.5) from the PaO2 of 101.0 [98.0–106.0] mmHg. In contrast to O2C, OxiVenT™ and INVOS parameters, mitoPO2 declined within seconds with pressure on the probe. The kinetics from this decline are used to mitochondrial oxygen consumption (mitoVO2). This study validates the calibration of the COMET device in humans. For mitoVO2 measurements not only blood flow cessation but application of local pressure is of great importance to clear the measurement site of oxygen-carrying erythrocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1357-1366
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 21 Oct 2021

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