Morbidly Obese Human Subjects Have Increased Peripheral Blood CD4(+) T Cells With Skewing Toward a Treg- and Th2-Dominated Phenotype

Kim Weerd, Wim Dik, Benjamin Schrijver, DH Schweitzer, Ton Langerak, Hemmo Drexhage, RM Kiewiet, MO van Aken, A (Astrid) van Huisstede, Jacques Dongen, Aart Jan Lelij, Frank Staal, P.M. van Hagen

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Abstract

Obesity is associated with local T-cell abnormalities in adipose tissue. Systemic obesity-related abnormalities in the peripheral blood T-cell compartment are not well defined. In this study, we investigated the peripheral blood T-cell compartment of morbidly obese and lean subjects. We determined all major T-cell sub-populations via six-color flow cytometry, including CD8(+) and CD4(+) T cells, CD4(+) T-helper (Th) subpopulations, and natural CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) T-regulatory (Treg) cells. Moreover, molecular analyses to assess thymic output, T-cell proliferation (T-cell receptor excision circle analysis), and T-cell receptor-3 (TCRB) repertoire (Gene Scan analysis) were performed. In addition, we determined plasma levels of proinflammatory cytokines and cytokines associated with Th subpopulations and T-cell proliferation. Morbidly obese subjects had a selective increase in peripheral blood CD4(+) naive, memory, natural CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) Treg, and Th2 T cells, whereas CD8+ T cells were normal. CD4(+) and CDS+ T-cell proliferation was increased, whereas the TCRB repertoire was not significantly altered. Plasma levels of cytokines CCL5 and IL-7 were elevated. CD4(+) T-cell numbers correlated positively with fasting insulin levels. The peripheral blood T-cell compartment of morbidly obese subjects is characterized by increased homeostatic T-cell proliferation to which cytokines and CCL5, among others, might contribute. This is associated with increased CD4(+) T cells, with skewing toward a Treg- and Th2-dominated phenotype, suggesting a more anti-inflammatory set point. Diabetes 61:401-408, 2012
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)401-408
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes
Volume61
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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