Morphological and functional evaluation of the bioresorption of the bioresorbable everolimus-eluting vascular scaffold using IVUS, echogenicity and vasomotion testing at two year follow-up: a patient level insight into the ABSORB A clinical trial

Giovanna Sarno, Nico Bruining, Yoshinobu Onuma, Scot Garg, S Brugaletta, S Winter, Evelyn Regar, L Thuesen, D Dudek, S Veldhof, C Dorange, Hector Garcia Garcia, JA Ormiston, PWJC (Patrick) Serruys

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe vaso-reactivity (by Acetylcholine and Methergine tests) at 2 year follow-up in parallel with the individual changes in the echogenicity characteristics of the polymer struts of the everolimus eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS), from post-treatment to 2 year follow-up, in patients enrolled in the ABSORB Cohort A study. Intravascular ultrasound assessment was performed with a phased array catheter (EagleEye, Volcano Corporation, Cordova, CA, USA) with automated pullback at 0.5 mm per second. The % ratio at 6 months and 2 years [(Scaffold Area post PCI- Lumen Area)/Scaffold Area post PCI] was calculated as a measure of scaffold shrinkage. The % change of hyperechogenicity was defined as: ([post-procedural hyperechogenicity] - [2 year follow up hyperechogenicity])/[post-procedural hyperechogenicity]) x 100. The vasomotion test with intracoronary acetylcholine (10(-6) M) or intravenous methergine (0.4 mg) was performed at 2 years. Overall nine patients received all these analyses and were enrolled in the present analysis. A 50-96% reduction in hyperechogenicity was observed between baseline and 2 years, which corresponded to a change in vasoreactivity between 2 and 22%. A vasoconstriction of the scaffolded segment was observed in the 5 patients, who underwent the methergine test, with a mean decrease in lumen diameter after methergine of 9 +/- A 7% (P = 0.06), while vasodilatation occurred in the 4 patients who underwent the acetylcholine test with a mean increase in lumen diameter after acetylcholine of 8 +/- A 5% (P = 0.125). Bioresorption of the BVS is accompanied by re-establishment of both endothelial and non-endothelial dependent vasomotion.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)51-58
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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