MR‑guided HDR prostate brachytherapy with teleoperated steerable needles

M. de Vries*, M. Wijntjes, J. Sikorski, P. Moreira, Nick van de Berg, John J. van den Dobbelsteen, S. Misra

*Corresponding author for this work

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Conformity of tumour volumes and dose plans in prostate brachytherapy (BT) can be constrained by unwanted needle deflections, needle access restrictions and visualisation limitations. This work validates the feasibility of teleoperated robotic control of an active steerable needle using magnetic resonance (MR) for guidance. With this system, perturbations can be counteracted and critical structures can be circumvented to access currently inaccessible areas. The system comprises of (1) a novel steerable needle, (2) the minimally invasive robotics in an MR environment (MIRIAM) system, and (3) the daVinci Research Kit (dVRK). MR scans provide visual feedback to the operator controlling the dVRK. Needle steering is performed along curved trajectories to avoid the urethra towards targets (representing tumour tissue) in a prostate phantom with a targeting error of 1.2 ± 1.0 mm. This work shows the potential clinical applicability of active needle steering for prostate BT with a teleoperated robotic system in an MR environment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2461-2469
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Robotic Surgery
Issue number5
Early online date22 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

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