Myopia and Cognitive Dysfunction: The Singapore Malay Eye Study

SY Ong, Kamran Ikram, BA Haaland, CY (Ching-Yu) Cheng, SM Saw, TY (Tien Yin) Wong, CY Cheung

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PURPOSE. To investigate a possible relationship between refractive error and cognitive function. METHODS. This population-based, cross-sectional study included 1032 persons aged 60 to 79 who participated in the Singapore Malay Eye Study. Refraction (sphere, cylinder, and axis) was measured using an autorefractor, and spherical equivalent was defined as sphere plus half negative cylinder. Refractive errors were defined as myopia (spherical equivalent < -0.5), emmetropia (-0.5 diopter [D] <= spherical equivalent <= 0.5 D), and hyperopia (spherical equivalent > 0.5 D). Visual acuity was measur RESULTS. Compared with individuals with emmetropia, persons with myopia were almost twice as likely to have cognitive dysfunction (odds ratio 1.82; 95% confidence interval 1.05-3.15), after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, income, education, and hours of reading and writing per day. Hyperopia was not associated with cognitive dysfunction. The association remained significant after further adjustment for uncorrected refractive errors or best-corrected visual acuity. CONCLUSIONS. Our results provide evidence on a novel association between myopia and cognitive dysfunction. (Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013;54:799-803) DOI:10.1167/iovs.12-10460
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)799-803
Number of pages5
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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