Natural Course and Survival of Neuroendocrine Tumors of Thymus and Lung in MEN1 Patients

JM de Laat, CR Pieterman, MF van den Broek, JW Twisk, AR Hermus, OM Dekkers, W.W. de Herder, AN van der Horst-Schrivers, ML Drent, PH Bisschop, B Havekes, MR Vriens, GD Valk

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Context: The natural course and survival of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of thymus (Th) and lung in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) patients are still unknown. Objective: Our objective was to assess prevalence, tumor growth, and survival of Th and lung NETs in an unselected MEN1 population with long-term follow-up. Design: This was an observational study. Patients and Methods: A longitudinal study was performed using the Dutch national MEN1 database, including >90% of the Dutch MEN1 population >16 years of age. Patients under care of the Dutch University Medical Centers (1990-2011) (n = 323) were included. Main Outcome Measures: The prevalence and survival of Th and lung NETs were assessed. Linear mixed-models analysis was applied to assess tumor growth with age as a possible confounder and gender, genotype and baseline tumor size as possible effect modifiers. Results: Th NETs occurred in 3.4% of patients, almost exclusively in males with a 10-year survival of 25% (95% confidence interval = 8%-80%). Athoracic computed tomographys can was available in 188 patients (58.2%). A lung NET was identified in 42 patients (13.0%) with a 10-year survival of 71.1% (95% confidence interval = 51%-100%). Tumor volume of lung NETs increased 17% per year (P < .001) (tumor doubling time 4.5 years). Tumor doubling time in males was 2.5 vs 5.5 years in females (P = .05). Lung NET growth was not associated with genotype or with baseline tumor size (< 1 vs >= 1 cm). Conclusion: In MEN1 patients, Th NETs almost exclusively occurred in males and had a very low prevalence and a high mortality. Lung NETs occurred more often than previously thought, had an indolent course, and occurred equally in both sexes. Tumor growth in males was double compared with female patients.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)3325-3333
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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