No Evidence for Circulating Retina Specific Autoreactive T-cells in Latent Tuberculosis-associated Uveitis and Sarcoid Uveitis

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Abstract

Purpose: To detect circulating retina-specific autoreactive CD4+ T-cells and antiretinal antibodies (ARA) in latent tuberculosis (TB)-associated uveitis or sarcoid uveitis patients.Methods: The presence of crude retinal extract (RE) autoreactive CD4+ T-cells was determined by a highly sensitive flowcytometric-based technique examining co-expression of CD25 and CD134 (OX40) on RE stimulated PBMC. The presence of ARA in available matched serum samples was assessed by indirect immunofluorescence.Results: No autoreactive CD4+ T-cells against RE could be detected in either latent TB-associated uveitis or sarcoid uveitis patients, while ARA were detected in the serum of the majority (5/6) of latent TB-associated uveitis and all (3/3) sarcoid uveitis patients.Conclusion: Even with the use of this highly sensitive flowcytometric technique circulating retina-specific autoreactive CD4+ T-cells could not be detected. In contrast, ARA were detected in the majority of patients indicating an adaptive humoral immune response toward retinal antigens had occurred.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)883-889
Number of pages7
JournalOcular Immunology and Inflammation
Volume29
Issue number5
Early online date8 Jan 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2021

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