Normal imaging findings after aortic valve implantation on 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography with computed tomography

Ali R. Wahadat*, Wilco Tanis, Asbjørn M. Scholtens, Margreet Bekker, Laura H. Graven, Laurens E. Swart, Annemarie M. den Harder, Marnix G.E.H. Lam, Linda M. de Heer, Jolien W. Roos-Hesselink, Ricardo P.J. Budde

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Background: To determine the normal perivalvular 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) uptake on positron emission tomography (PET) with computed tomography (CT) within one year after aortic prosthetic heart valve (PHV) implantation. Methods: Patients with uncomplicated aortic PHV implantation were prospectively included and underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT at either 5 (± 1) weeks (group 1), 12 (± 2) weeks (group 2) or 52 (± 8) weeks (group 3) after implantation. 18F-FDG uptake around the PHV was scored qualitatively (none/low/intermediate/high) and quantitatively by measuring the maximum Standardized Uptake Value (SUVmax) and target to background ratio (SUVratio). Results: In total, 37 patients (group 1: n = 12, group 2: n = 12, group 3: n = 13) (mean age 66 ± 8 years) were prospectively included. Perivalvular 18F-FDG uptake was low (8/12 (67%)) and intermediate (4/12 (33%)) in group 1, low (7/12 (58%)) and intermediate (5/12 (42%)) in group 2, and low (8/13 (62%)) and intermediate (5/13 (38%)) in group 3 (P = 0.91). SUVmax was 4.1 ± 0.7, 4.6 ± 0.9 and 3.8 ± 0.7 (mean ± SD, P = 0.08), and SUVratio was 2.0 [1.9 to 2.2], 2.0 [1.8 to 2.6], and 1.9 [1.7 to 2.0] (median [IQR], P = 0.81) for groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Conclusion: Non-infected aortic PHV have similar low to intermediate perivalvular 18F-FDG uptake with similar SUVmax and SUVratio at 5, 12, and 52 weeks after implantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2258-2268
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nuclear Cardiology
Volume28
Issue number5
Early online date23 Jan 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

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