Nothing But Stereotypes? Negligible Sex Differences Across Creativity Measures in Science, Arts, and Sports Adolescent High Achievers

Vlada Repeykova, Teemu Toivainen, Maxim Likhanov, Kim van Broekhoven, Yulia Kovas*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Previous research has focused on understanding when, why, and how sex differences in creativity occur, as results vary across samples, measures, and methodologies. In the current study we investigated sex differences in creativity among 984 high achieving adolescents in three expertise areas: Sciences, Arts, and Sports. Eight creativity indicators were analyzed: Alternative uses task (AUT) fluency; creative self-efficacy (CSE); intraindividual strengths (difference between CSE and AUT Fluency); five self-reported creativity scales: Self/everyday, scholarly, performance, mechanical/scientific, artistic. The results showed negligible sex differences ((Formula presented.) =.01), with females performing better in AUT Fluency and males self-rating their CSE higher. No sex differences were found in self/everyday, scholarly and performance creativity. Males self-rated their mechanical/scientific creativity ((Formula presented.) =.06) higher than females; while females self-rated their artistic creativity ((Formula presented.) =.02) higher in comparison to males. Our results extend the existing literature by finding negligible sex differences in adolescent expert groups. However, some stereotypical differences emerged, for example, females with Sciences expertise rated their mechanical/scientific creativity lower than males with and even without Sciences expertise. Results call for further investigation into the links between sex differences, expertise, and specific creativity domains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-65
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Creative Behavior
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

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© 2023 The Authors. The Journal of Creative Behavior published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Creative Education Foundation (CEF).

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