Background: Low sFlt-1 (soluble Fms-like tyrosine kinase-1) and ET-1 (endothelin-1) levels have been reported in preeclamptic women using proton pump inhibitors. Methods: Here, we examined whether the proton pump inhibitor omeprazole could acutely reduce sFlt-1 and ET-1 (measured as CT-proET-1 [C-terminal pro-endothelin-1]), or increase free PlGF (placental growth factor) in 20 women with confirmed preeclampsia. Primary outcome was specified as the difference in sFlt-1, PlGF, or CT-proET-1 after 4 days of omeprazole versus 20 preeclamptic women not receiving omeprazole. Results: Mean maternal age was 30 years, and median gestational age was 30+3weeks. Baseline sFlt-1 levels were identical in both groups, and the same was true for PlGF or CT-proET-1. After 4 days, sFlt-1 levels remained similar in women not receiving omeprazole compared with women receiving omeprazole, while the levels of PlGF and CT-proET-1 also did not differ between groups. Women receiving omeprazole had a similar prolongation of pregnancy after inclusion compared with those in the nonomeprazole group (median 15 versus 14 days). Except for a higher neonatal intubation rate in the nonomeprazole group (31% versus 4%, P=0.02), there were no differences in maternal/perinatal complications. Finally, making use of the placenta perfusion model, we established that both omeprazole and its S-isomer, esomeprazole, when maternally applied, reached the fetal compartment (fetal-to-maternal ratio's 0.43-0.59), while only esomeprazole inhibited placental sFlt-1 release. Conclusions: Administration of omeprazole to women with confirmed preeclampsia does not alter their circulating levels of sFlt-1, PlGF, or ET-1, arguing against a role of this drug as a treatment for this syndrome.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
R.I. Neuman and A.H. van den Meiracker are supported by the Dutch Foundation Lijf en Leven.
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