This paper presents an accounting of GHG emissions on the basis of which options for current and future emissions reduction in the fast-growing city of Kampala are synthesized. The emission inventory was conducted in 2012 using the Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emissions attributable to geographic areas. The inventory estimates the emissions attributed to Kampala city within its boundaries and to the city region that spans a larger area. The total emissions stand at 714,902 t CO2e from different sectors, where 441,750 t CO2e are from stationary units, 26,407.3 t CO2e from mobile units, 203,637 t CO2e from wastes, 29,926.4 t CO2e from industrial processes and product uses, and 35.5 t CO2e from agriculture, forestry and land use. Using the adjusted population of the city, the per-capita emission stand at 0.396 t CO2e for the in-city and 0.181 t CO2e for the city region. Given the growth pattern and, options are analyzed that include a range of scalable actions by the city region such as low-carbon infrastructure including off-grid energy systems; decentralized systems for water–sewerage–energy infrastructure; energy-efficient infrastructure, spatial configurations of land; and micro/meso-scale options around energy efficient buildings, the bus rapid transport system, green infrastructure urban agriculture and forestry for GHG sequestration.
UN-Habitat [grant number Small Scale Agreement].
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