Parent-reported problems in children with Cerebral Visual Impairment: Improving the discriminative ability from ADHD and dyslexia using screening inventories

Marinke J. Hokken*, Ymie J. van der Zee, Jos N. van der Geest, Marlou J.G. Kooiker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

Daily problems of children with Cerebral Visual Impairment (CVI) are often misinterpreted as symptoms of behavioural disorders or learning disabilities instead of higher order visual function (HOVF) deficits. It is difficult to differentiate between various paediatric clinical groups based on daily manifestations. We used two CVI inventories (V-CVI-I, HVFQI) and an ADHD questionnaire (AVL) to compare parent-reported visual and behavioural problems of children with CVI, ADHD, dyslexia and neurotypical children (Age 6–15, Verbal Intelligence > 70). Our results show a higher percentage of parent-reported visual problems in children with CVI compared to all other groups, which was not affected by their visual acuity levels. On most HOVF categories, a higher percentage of parent-reported visual problems was also found in children with ADHD or dyslexia compared to neurotypical children. Children with ADHD had significantly more parent-reported behavioural problems, but more behavioural problems were reported by the parents of children with CVI compared to neurotypical children as well. Our findings complicate using the existing inventories for initial screening and referral of children with potential CVI. We propose a shortened screening list to improve the potential differentiation between CVI and ADHD or dyslexia based on parent-reported visual problems in everyday life.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeuropsychological Rehabilitation
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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