Parenting and child personality as modifiers of the psychosocial development of youth with Cerebral Palsy

Lana E. De Clercq*, Bart Soenens, Lisa M. Dieleman, Peter Prinzie, Jolene Van der Kaap-Deeder, Wim Beyers, Sarah S.W. De Pauw

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

This two-year longitudinal study addressed the joint contribution of parent-rated parenting behaviors and child personality on psychosocial outcomes in 118 families of children with Cerebral Palsy (M age Time 1 = 10.9 years old, 64.4% boys). Latent change modeling revealed intra-individual changes in children’s psychosocial development as internalizing and externalizing behaviors increased from the first to the second assessment and psychosocial strengths increased from the second to the third assessment, whereas externally controlling and autonomy-supportive parenting behavior remained stable over time. Externally controlling parenting related to higher levels of, and increases in behavioral problems, with these associations being most pronounced among children low on Extraversion, Conscientiousness, or Imagination. Autonomy-supportive parenting related to higher levels of psychosocial strengths, with this association being most pronounced among children high on Emotional Stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-155
Number of pages19
JournalChild Psychiatry and Human Development
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded by a BOF Starting Grant (BOFSTA2017004601); the Marguerite-Marie Delacroix Support Fund (GV/B-202); and the Fund for Scientific Research Flanders (FWO 12B4614N; FWO 11X6516N).

Funding Information:
Sarah S. W. De Pauw has received research grants from the “Bijzonder Onderzoeksfonds” (BOFSTA2017004601) and the Fund for Scientific Research Flanders (FWO 12B4614N). Lisa M. Dieleman has received research grants from the Fund for Scientific Research Flanders (FWO 11X6516N) and the Marie Delacroix Support Fund (GV/B-202). The authors have previously published on this dataset [, ]. However, this is the first paper that (a) maps out intra-individual changes in parenting and psychosocial functioning and (b) examines the personality-by-parenting interplay on psychosocial development in the context of cerebral palsy.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC part of Springer Nature.

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