Parenting and Parental Anxiety and Depression as Predictors of Treatment Outcome for Childhood Anxiety Disorders: Has the Role of Fathers Been Underestimated?

JM Liber, Brigit M. van Widenfelt, Arnold Goedhart, Lisbeth Utens, Adelinde J.M. van der Leeden, Monica T. Markus, P.D.A. (Phillip) Treffers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A substantial percentage of children with anxiety disorders do not respond adequately to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). Examination of parental factors related to treatment outcome could contribute to a further understanding of treatment outcome responses. This study investigated the predictive value of paternal and maternal emotional warmth, rejection, overprotection, anxiety, and depression for CBT outcome in clinic-referred anxious children (ages 8-12). Levels of maternal emotional warmth, paternal rejection and anxiety, and depressive symptoms predicted treatment success and failure. A higher level of maternal emotional warmth was associated with a less favorable treatment outcome. Higher levels of paternal rejection, anxiety, and depressive symptoms were consistently associated with a less favorable treatment outcome.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)747-758
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Volume37
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Research programs

  • EMC NIHES-04-55-01

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