Patient perspectives on treatment adherence in hypertension: Preliminary results of an ESH survey in five countries

Michel Burnier, Alexandre Persu, Michel Azizi, Aleksander Prejbisz, Vitoria Cunha, Pankaj Gupta, Jan Vaclavik, Jorie Versmissen, Reinhold Kreutz, Sverre E. Kjeldsen

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The ESH Working group on Lifestyle, Cardiovascular Therapy and Adherence, in partnership with Servier, has developed a web-based questionnaire in different languages to investigate patients' perspectives on hypertension and treatment adherence. The objective of this survey was to decipher patients' perception, motivations and barriers to drug treatment adherence in hypertension. DESIGN AND METHOD: Eligible participants were men and women aged > 18 years, living in France, Germany, Italy, Spain and UK, with a diagnosis of hypertension made by a physician and internet access. Data were collected through patients' websites and organizations from January to March 2022. RESULTS: We included 595 participants (329 women, 55.3%, mean age 65 y); 72% were hypertensive for > 5 years, 93% were treated with antihypertensive medications for > 3 months and 50% had uncontrolled (140/90 mmHg) office BP at 3 months. The median number of all medications taken every day was 4 of which 2 were antihypertensive drugs. On a 10-point Likert scale, participants reported a modest impact of hypertension on their quality of life (3) or social and family life (3.1). The median level of stress was 5.2. In 76.6% of participants home BP was measured several times weekly (25%) or monthly (31%) or more. Antihypertensive medications were stopped unintentionally by 40% or taken irregularly by 44% of patients. The reasons for non-adherence to medications were forgetfulness (45%), side effects (17%) and running out of medications (15%). In 50% of cases, patients do not inform their physicians when stopping medications. The most useful approaches to support adherence reported by participants were single-pill combinations and smaller and cheaper pills. Information on hypertension and its treatment were considered sufficient for 33% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with internet access and willing to participate, our survey shows that despite having an uncontrolled office 3 month BP in 50% of them, participants report: 1) a modest impact of hypertension on their quality of life and a moderate level of anxiety, 2) frequent and usually non intentional non-adherence to prescribed antihypertensive medications, and 3) the necessity to improve the information provided to them.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere61
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume40
Issue numbersupll 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022

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