Patients with cancer experience high impact of emotional consequences of reduced ability to eat: A cross sectional survey study

Nora Lize*, Natasja Raijmakers, Manon van den Berg, Leontien Emmaneel, Annemieke Kok, Marlies Lagendijk, Kim van Leeuwen-Bouwhuis, Rianne van Lieshout, Zola Nagel, Sandra Beijer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Patients with cancer can experience emotional consequences of reduced ability to eat, their impact is unknown. This study assesses the impact of these emotional consequences, and patients' satisfaction with healthcare professionals' (HCPs) support. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among patients with head/neck, lung cancer and lymphoma, who experienced reduced ability to eat in the past year. Patients were recruited through patient organisations and hospitals. The questionnaire encompassed the impact of emotional consequences of reduced ability to eat (scale 1–10) and satisfaction with HCPs' support for reduced ability to eat (scale 1–10). The differences in patient characteristics between unsatisfied (Score < 6) and satisfied patients (score ≥6) were tested using independent t-tests and the chi-square or Fishers' exact tests. Results: Overall, 116 patients (48%) responded and 98 were included in the analyses. The most impactful emotional consequences were as follows: disappointment (mean ± SD: 8.31 ± 1.49), grief/sadness (7.90 ± 1.91), and anger (7.87 ± 1.41). Patients were less satisfied when more time had passed since their diagnosis (p < 0.002) and when they expected no improvements regarding their eating problems (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The impact of emotional consequences of reduced ability to eat is high. Support for emotional consequences is needed, especially for patients with reduced ability to eat, which persists in recovery and remission.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13595
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer Care
Volume31
Issue number4
Early online date27 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank the oncology nurses from the Maxima Oncology Center, Maxima MC Veldhoven and the University Medical Center Utrecht for their help with the recruitment of patients. This work is supported by Zorg Instituut Nederland, ‘Transparantie over de kwaliteit van zorg bij ernstige somatische aandoeningen’, Grant 2017. The web-based survey was hosted by the secured website of Patient Reported Outcomes Following Initial treatment and Long term Evaluation of Survivorship (PROFILES). The study protocol was reviewed by the Maxima MC in Veldhoven (METC N18.032).

Funding Information:
We would like to thank the oncology nurses from the Maxima Oncology Center, Maxima MC Veldhoven and the University Medical Center Utrecht for their help with the recruitment of patients. This work is supported by Zorg Instituut Nederland, ‘Transparantie over de kwaliteit van zorg bij ernstige somatische aandoeningen’, Grant 2017. The web‐based survey was hosted by the secured website of Patient Reported Outcomes Following Initial treatment and Long term Evaluation of Survivorship (PROFILES). The study protocol was reviewed by the Maxima MC in Veldhoven (METC N18.032).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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