Pediatric Leprosy Profile in the Postelimination Era: A Study from Surabaya, Indonesia

Novianti Rizky Reza, Bagus Hario Kusumaputro, Medhi Denisa Alinda, Muhammad Yulianto Listiawan, Hok Bing Thio, Cita Rosita Sigit Prakoeswa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Children who live in leprosy-endemic areas are susceptible to infection due to early and frequent exposure to Mycobacterium leprae. Indonesia is on the verge of eliminating this disease (prevalence rate, 1/10,000 population), but pediatric leprosy continues to occur in low-endemic areas. This study aimed to evaluate pediatric leprosy over a decade in a tertiary hospital in Surabaya, Indonesia. A retrospective study of leprosy in children under 15 years old between 2010 and 2019 was conducted in the Morbus Hansen Division, Outpatient Clinic at Dr. Soetomo Hospital in Surabaya, Indonesia. Seventy pediatric leprosy cases were identified between 2010 and 2019, consisting of 58 multibacillary (MB)-type cases and 12 paucibacillary (PB)-type cases. Slit skin smear (SSS) was positive in 26 cases. There were two cases of grade-2 disability and 15 cases of leprosy reaction (erythema nodosum leprosum) in children at the time of diagnosis. There was an insignificant decline in the number of pediatric leprosy cases in the last 10 years. Cases and disabilities in children were found in some leprosy pocket areas even though the national elimination rate has been achieved. MB infections, disability, and treatment defaults were common problems in pediatric leprosy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-778
Number of pages4
JournalThe American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
Volume106
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

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Copyright © 2022 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

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