Periovulatory changes in serum concentration and ovarian content of 5 alpha-androstane-3 alpha, 17 beta-diol in the adult rat.

H. M. Meijs-Roelofs*, P. Kramer, W. A. van Cappellen, L. Gribling-Hegge, P. J. Woutersen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

The high amounts of 5 alpha-androstane-3 alpha, 17 beta-diol (3 alpha-diol) present in immature female rats decline towards first ovulation, but on the day of first proestrus a peak is seen. This raises the possibility that during adulthood similar proestrous peaks may occur. Therefore, serum concentrations and ovarian content of 3 alpha-diol were estimated every two hours between 0900 and 2100 h in adult cyclic rats on the day of proestrus. In the same rats, serum concentrations of estradiol (E2), progesterone (P) and luteinizing hormone (LH) were measured, as were ovarian contents of E2 and P. A significant elevation in ovarian 3 alpha-diol was found between 0900 and 1700 h proestrus, whereas serum concentrations of 3 alpha-diol were elevated from 1300 to 2100 h. The high morning values of ovarian 3 alpha-diol correlated with those for ovarian E2 (p less than 0.005); the elevated serum concentrations of 3 alpha-diol during the afternoon correlated with serum P (p less than 0.005) and with serum LH concentrations (p less than 0.005). Serum and ovarian values were positively correlated for P and E2, but not for 3 alpha-diol. The rise in serum 3 alpha-diol could be prevented by blocking the LH surge with sodium pentobarbitone (Nembutal; 35 mg/kg b.w.) administered at 1300 h. In Nembutal-treated rats, the concentration of 3 alpha-diol at 1700 h (886 pg/ml) was significantly lower than in saline-treated control rats (1135 pg/ml; p less than 0.005).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)890-896
Number of pages7
JournalBiology of Reproduction
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1986

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