Permeable Thrombi Are Associated With Higher Intravenous Recombinant Tissue-Type Plasminogen Activator Treatment Success in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke

Emilie Santos, JW Dankbaar, KM Treurniet, AD Horsch, YB Roos, LJ Kappelle, Wiro Niessen, CB Majoie, B Velthuis, HA Marquering

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Abstract

Background and Purpose-Preclinical studies showed that thrombus permeability improves recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (r-tPA) efficacy. We hypothesize that thrombus permeability estimated from radiological imaging is associated with improved recanalization after treatment with intravenously administered r-tPA (r-tPA) and with better functional outcome. Methods-We assessed thrombus attenuation increase (TAI) in patients from the Dutch Acute Stroke Study with an occlusion of an intracranial artery on computed tomographic angiography. Patients were included within 9 hours after the stroke onset. After dichotomization of TAI as pervious or impervious, logistic regressions analyses were performed to estimate associations of intravenous r-tPA therapy with complete recanalization and with favorable functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale score of <= 2). Results-Three hundred eight patients matched the inclusion criteria. The median TAI was 20.1 (interquartile range, 8.5-37.8) Hounsfield unit (HU). We found a significant increase in the odds of complete recanalization with increasing TAI for patients treated with intravenous r-tPA (P=0.030). One hundred thirty-one (42%) thrombi were classified as pervious with TAI of >= 23 HU. In patients with a pervious thrombus, complete recanalization was more frequent after treatment with intravenous r-tPA than after conservative treatment (odds ratio, 6.26; 95% confidence interval, 2.4-16.8; P<0.001). In patients with an impervious thrombus, the effect of intravenous r-tPA was not significant (odds ratio, 1.4; 95% confidence interval, 0.5-4.1; P=0.47). Favorable outcome was more common in patients with a pervious thrombi than without (odds ratio, 2.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.3-3.4; P=0.001). Conclusions-Thrombus perviousness, as measured on computed tomography in the acute stage of ischemic stroke, is strongly associated with recanalization after intravenous r-tPA treatment and with favorable functional outcome.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)2058-2065
Number of pages8
JournalStroke
Volume47
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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