Persistence of the gender pay differential in a transition economy

Vera A. Adamchik, Arjun Bedi

Research output: Working paperAcademic


The primary objective of this paper is to assess the relative economic welfare
of women during the transition process. In order to answer this question we provide a
detailed account of the male-female wage differential and its dynamics in Poland over
the period 1993-1997. We investigate which factors influence this wage gap and the
extent to which this gap may be attributed to differences in observable characteristics
and to differences in returns to the same characteristics. Regardless of the methodology used or the specification estimated we find that (i) there is almost no change in
the extent of the gender wage gap at the mean or at different percentiles of the earnings distribution, (ii) most of the explained portion of the wage gap may be attributed
to industrial and occupational segregation, and (iii) a substantial portion of the wage
gap remains unexplained. In the final section of the paper we examine the underlying
factors that may drive the results.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationDen Haag
PublisherInternational Institute of Social Studies (ISS)
Number of pages52
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Publication series

SeriesISS working papers. General series

Bibliographical note

JEL Codes: J31, Wage differentials, P2 Labor markets in transition economies


  • ISS Working Paper-General Series


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