Pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapy for arrhythmias in the pediatric population: EHRA and AEPC-Arrhythmia Working Group joint consensus statement

J Brugada, Nienke Blom, G Sarquella-Brugada, C Blomstrom-Lundqvist, J Deanfield, J Janousek, D Abrams, U Bauersfeld, R Brugada, F Drago, Nynke Groot, JM Happonen, J Hebe, SY Ho, E Marijon, T Paul, JP Pfammatter, E Rosenthal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

230 Citations (Scopus)


As a general rule, prescription of antiarrhythmic drugs requires a clear diagnosis with electrocardiographic documentation of a given arrhythmia. Riskbenefit analysis of drug therapy should be considered when facing an arrhythmia in a child.Prophylactic antiarrhythmic drug therapy is given only to protect the child from recurrent supraventricular tachycardia during this time span until the disease will eventually cease spontaneously.In the last decades, radiofrequency catheter ablation is progressively used as curative therapy for tachyarrhythmias in children and patients with or without CHD. Even in young children, procedures can be performed with high success rates and low complication rates as shown by several retrospective and prospective paediatric multi-centre studies. Three-dimensional mapping and non-fluoroscopic navigation techniques and enhanced catheter technology have further improved safety and efficacy even in CHD patients with complex arrhythmias. During last decades, cardiac devices (pacemakers and implantable cardiac defibrillator) have developed rapidly. The pacing generator size has diminished and the pacing leads have become progressively thinner. These developments have made application of cardiac pacing in children easier although no dedicated paediatric pacing systems exist.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1337-1382
Number of pages46
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Cite this