Phospholipase A(2) inhibitors

Hector Garcia Garcia, PWJC (Patrick) Serruys

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of review As the role of lipids and inflammation in the genesis and progression of the atherosclerosis disease is unquestionable, novel treatment modalities that target both aspects are currently under investigation. Recent findings For a long time atherosclerosis was regarded as a lipid-driven disease, but now it is evident that it also involves the simultaneous and combined effect of inflammation and immunological pathways. The secreted PLA(2)s and the lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) (Lp-PLA(2)) have been associated with atherogenesis and its complications. These two enzymes produce biologically active metabolites that are involved in several phases of the atherosclerosis process. Summary In animal, pathological and epidemiological studies, the increased levels of these two phospholipases (i.e. PLA(2)s and Lp-PLA(2)) have been related with an increase in complex coronary lesions and increase in major cardiovascular clinical events, respectively. Therefore, inhibition of these enzymes has become the focus of research in this last decennium. Novel pharmacological inhibitors of those enzymes such as darapladib and varespladib emerge as promising therapeutical options for treating patients with coronary artery disease. Ongoing mechanistic and clinical outcome trials will further elucidate their role in this context.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)327-332
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Lipidology
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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