Plasma Clot Lysis Time and Its Association with Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Black Africans

Z de Lange, M Pieters, JC Jerling, A Kruger, Dick Rijken

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Abstract

Studies in populations of European descent show longer plasma clot lysis times (CLT) in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) than in controls. No data are available on the association between CVD risk factors and fibrinolytic potential in black Africans, a group undergoing rapid urbanisation with increased CVD prevalence. We investigated associations between known CVD risk factors and CLT in black Africans and whether CLTs differ between rural and urban participants in light of differences in CVD risk. Data from 1000 rural and 1000 urban apparently healthy black South Africans (35-60 years) were cross-sectionally analysed. Increased PAI-1(act), BMI, HbA1c, triglycerides, the metabolic syndrome, fibrinogen concentration, CRP, female sex and positive HIV status were associated with increased CLTs, while habitual alcohol consumption associated with decreased CLT. No differences in CLT were found between age and smoking categories, contraceptive use or hyper- and normotensive participants. Urban women had longer CLT than rural women while no differences were observed for men. CLT was associated with many known CVD risk factors in black Africans. Differences were however observed, compared to data from populations of European descent available in the literature, suggesting possible ethnic differences. The effect of urbanisation on CLT is influenced by traditional CVD risk factors and their prevalence in urban and rural communities. Citation: de Lange Z, Pieters M, Jerling JC, Kruger A, Rijken DC (2012) Plasma Clot Lysis Time and Its Association with Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Black Africans. PLoS ONE 7(11): e48881. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0048881
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalPLoS One (print)
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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