Pneumothorax Following ERCP: Report of Four Cases and Review of the Literature

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We report four patients with pneumothorax as a complication of ERCP with sphincterotomy. With conservative treatment all patients recovered. Previously, 16 comparable cases have been reported in the literature. The main risk factor for this rare complication seems (pre-cut) sphincterotomy. Pneumothorax is usually right-sided or bilateral and accompanied by pneumomediastinum, pneumoretroperitoneum and subcutaneous emphysema. The prognosis seems favourable with a non-surgical approach including intravenous antibiotics, fasting and when indicated chest tube drainage.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1990-1995
Number of pages6
JournalDigestive Diseases & Sciences
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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