Population, involution, and employment in rural java

BNF (Ben) White*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

2 Citations (Scopus)


Most post-war studies of the Javanese rural economy have pointed to Java's "population problem" as an important component of present poverty and as a serious obstacle to future development. This chapter examines briefly two features commonly regarded as characteristic of "population pressure" in Java: "unemployment" or "underemployment," and the general notions of "involution" and "shared poverty". It outlines examples from some recent studies and from field research undertaken by the author in a Javanese village in 1972-73. Java's population history is different from that of many other countries presently experiencing rapid population growth. The classic "population explosion" in Third World countries has normally involved a relatively sudden and surge in population growth rates at some time during the present century, although in some countries this has not occurred until after the Second World War.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAgricultural and Rural Development in Indonesia
PublisherRoutledge (Taylor & Francis Group)
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9780429696091, 9780429048364
ISBN (Print)9780367018504
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1981 Taylor and Francis. All rights reserved.


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