Population plasma and urine pharmacokinetics and the probability of target attainment of fosfomycin in healthy male volunteers

Angela Elma Edwina, Birgit C.P. Koch, Anouk E. Muller, Valentin al Jalali, Peter Matzneller, Markus Zeitlinger, Sebastiaan D.T. Sassen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Purpose: A population pharmacokinetic model of fosfomycin was developed in healthy volunteers after intravenous administration, and different dosing regimens were evaluated in terms of the probability of target attainment for Escherichia coli using both plasma and urinary pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic targets. Methods: Eight healthy men received fosfomycin as both intermittent 8 g q8h and continuous infusion 1 g/h with a loading dose of 8 g in a crossover study design. Dense sampling was conducted during both regimens. Population pharmacokinetic modelling was performed using NONMEM. Monte Carlo simulations were conducted to evaluate the Probability of Target Attainment (PTA) of different dosing regimens using bactericidal (AUC24h/MIC of 83 and 75%T>MIC) and bacteriostatic (AUC24h/MIC of 25) plasma targets and bacteriostatic (AUC24h/MIC of 3994) urine target. Results: A total of 176 plasma and 86 urine samples were available for PK analysis. A two-compartment model with a urine compartment best described the data. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) showed a significant correlation with renal clearance and was implemented in the final model. Simulation results show that the dose of 4 g q8h reached 100% of PTA using bactericidal and bacteriostatic targets for MIC up to 16 mg/L. Conclusion: For the clinical breakpoint of 32 mg/L, the standard dosing regimen (4 g q8h) might not be sufficient to reach the bactericidal target. Higher dosing of 8 g q8h as an intermittent infusion or 0.75 g/h as a continuous infusion might be required. Continuous infusion resulted in better attainment of the %T>MIC target than intermittent infusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-787
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

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