Positive predictive value of prostate biopsy indicated by prostate-specific-antigen-based prostate cancer screening: trends over time in a European randomized trial

LP Bokhorst, XY Zhu, Meelan Bul, CH Bangma VERVALLEN, Fritz Schröder, Monique Roobol - Bouts

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE To assess the positive predictive value (PPV) of prostate biopsy, indicated by a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) threshold of =3.0 ng/mL, over time, in the Rotterdam section of the European Randomized study of Screening for Prostate Cancer (ERSPC). PATIENTS AND METHODS In the Rotterdam section of the ERSPC, a total of 42 376 participants, aged 5574 years, identified from population registries were randomly assigned to a screening or control arm. For the ERSPC men undergo PSA screening at 4-year intervals. A total of three screening rounds were evaluated; therefore, only men aged 5569 years at the first screening were eligible for the present study. RESULTS PPVs for men without previous biopsy remained equal throughout the three subsequent screenings (25.5, 22.3 and 24.8% respectively). Conversely, PPVs for men with a previous negative biopsy dropped significantly (12.0 and 15.2% at the second and third screening, respectively). Additionally, in men with and without previous biopsy, the percentage of aggressive prostate cancers (clinical stage >T2b, Gleason score =7) decreased after the first round of screening from 44.4 to 23.8% in the second (P < 0.001) and 18.6% in the third round (P < 0.001). Repeat biopsies accounted for 24.6% of all biopsies, but yielded only 8.6% of all aggressive cancers. CONCLUSIONS In consecutive screening rounds the PPV of PSA-based screening remains equal in previously unbiopsied men. In men with a previous negative biopsy the PPV drops considerably, but 20% of cancers detected still show aggressive characteristics. Individualized screening algorithms should incorporate previous biopsy status in the decision to perform a repeat biopsy with the aim of further reducing unnecessary biopsies.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1654-1660
Number of pages7
JournalBJU International
Volume110
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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  • EMC MM-03-49-01

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