Postoperative Adhesion Prevention with a New Barrier: An Experimental Study

Max Ditzel, Eva Deerenberg, Niels Komen, Irene Mulder, J (Hans) Jeekel, Johan Lange

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Abstract

Introduction: Postoperative adhesion formation remains a major clinical problem. The aim of this study was to test the effect of a new hydrogel on adhesion formation in a rat model. Materials and Methods: A reproducible rat model was used to induce standardized adhesion formation in three experiments. In experiment 1, a cross-linked polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) hydrogel (PVA/CMC, A-Part (R); B. Braun Aesculap, Germany) was tested in different dosages. In experiment 2, PVA/CMC gel was compared to icodextrin 4% (Adept (R); Baxter USA). In both groups, animals were sacrificed after 2 weeks. In experiment 3, histological examination after 4 and 6 weeks was performed. The percentage of adhesions to the defect was measured and the density was determined according to the Zuhlke scale. During histological examination of the abdominal wall, the formation of neoperitoneum and potential residues of the agents were assessed. Results: In experiment 1, a significant reduction in amount as well as density of the adhesions was visible with all dosages of PVA/CMC gel. In experiment 2, again quantity and density of the adhesions were diminished by PVA/CMC hydrogel compared to the control group. Icodextrin 4% showed no significant reduction in adhesion formation. In experiment 3, no residues of PVA/CMC gel or icodextrin 4% were found during histological examination after 4 and 6 weeks and neoperitoneum was present in all cases. Conclusion: PVA/CMC hydrogel appears to be a novel effective adhesion prevention agent. Together with an upcoming safety study, these data encourage to start clinical efficacy studies. Copyright (C) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)187-193
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Surgical Research
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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