Preclinical Comparison of (AlF)-F-18- and Ga-68-Labeled Gastrin-Releasing Peptide Receptor Antagonists for PET Imaging of Prostate Cancer

Kristell Chatalic, GM Franssen, Wytske van Weerden, WJ McBride, P Laverman, Erik de Blois, B Hajjaj, L Brunel, DM Goldenberg, JA Fehrentz, J Martinez, OC Boerman, Marion Jong

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Abstract

Gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) is overexpressed in human prostate cancer and is being used as a target for molecular imaging. In this study, we report on the direct comparison of 3 novel GRPR-targeted radiolabeled tracers: (AlF)-F-18-JMV5132, Ga-68-JMV5132, and Ga-68-JMV4168 (JMV5132 is NODA-MPAA-beta Ala-beta Ala-[H-D-Phe-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-Gly-His-Sta-Leu-NH2], JMV4168 is DOTA-beta Ala-beta Ala-[H-D-Phe-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-Gly-His-Sta-Leu-NH2], and NODA-MPAA is 2-[4-(carboxymethyl)-7-{[4-(carboxymethyl) phenyl]methyl}-1,4,7-triazacyclononan-1-yl] acetic acid). Methods: The GRPR antagonist JMV594 (H-D-Phe-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-Gly-His-Sta-Leu-NH2) was conjugated to NODA-MPAA for labeling with (AlF)-F-18. JMV5132 was radiolabeled with Ga-68 and F-18, and JMV4168 was labeled with Ga-68 for comparison. The inhibitory concentration of 50% values for binding GRPR of JMV4168, JMV5132, Ga-nat-JMV4168, and Ga-nat-JMV5132 were determined in a competition-binding assay using GRPR-overexpressing PC-3 tumors. The tumor-targeting characteristics of the compounds were assessed in mice bearing subcutaneous PC-3 xenografts. Small-animal PET/CT images were acquired, and tracer biodistribution was determined by ex vivo measurements. Results: JMV5132 was labeled with F-18 in a novel 1-pot, 1-step procedure within 20 min, without need for further purification and resulting in a specific activity of 35 MBq/nmol. Inhibitory concentration of 50% values (in nM) for GRPR binding of JMV5132, JMV4168, Ga-nat-JMV5132, Ga-nat-JMV4168, and (AlF)-F-nat-JMV5132 were 6.8 (95% confidence intervals [CIs], 4.6-10.0), 13.2 (95% CIs, 5.9-29.3), 3.0 (95% CIs, 1.5-6.0), 3.2 (95% CIs, 1.8-5.9), and 10.0 (95% CIs, 6.3-16.0), respectively. In mice with subcutaneous PC-3 xenografts, all tracers cleared rapidly from the blood, exclusively via the kidneys for Ga-68-JMV4168 and partially hepatobiliary for Ga-68-JMV5132 and (AlF)-F-18-JMV5132. Two hours after injection, the uptake of Ga-68-JMV4168, Ga-68-JMV5132, and (AlF)-F-18-JMV5132 in PC-3 tumors was 5.96 +/- 1.39, 5.24 +/- 0.29, 5.30 +/- 0.98 (percentage injected dose per gram), respectively. GRPR specificity was confirmed by significantly reduced tumor uptake of the 3 tracers after coinjection of a 100-fold excess of unlabeled JMV4168 or JMV5132. Small-animal PET/CT clearly visualized PC-3 tumors, with the highest resolution observed for Al18F-JMV5132. Conclusion: JMV5132 could be rapidly and efficiently labeled with F-18. (AlF)-F-18-JMV5132, Ga-68-JMV5132, and Ga-68-JMV4168 all showed comparable high and specific accumulation in GRPR-positive PC-3 tumors. These new PET tracers are promising candidates for future clinical translation.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)2050-2056
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume55
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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