Preclinical trial of a MAP4K4 inhibitor to reduce infarct size in the pig: does cardioprotection in human stem cell-derived myocytes predict success in large mammals?

Maaike te Lintel Hekkert, Gary Newton, Kathryn Chapman, Rehan Aqil, Robert Downham, Robert Yan, Daphne Merkus, Gavin Whitlock, Charlotte A.L. Lane, Darren Cawkill, Trevor Perrior, Dirk J. Duncker*, Michael D. Schneider*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reducing infarct size (IS) by interfering with mechanisms for cardiomyocyte death remains an elusive goal. DMX-5804, a selective inhibitor of the stress-activated kinase MAP4K4, suppresses cell death in mouse myocardial infarction (MI), human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hPSC-CMs), and 3D human engineered heart tissue, whose fidelity to human biology is hoped to strengthen the route to clinical success. Here, DMX-10001, a soluble, rapidly cleaved pro-drug of DMX-5804, was developed for i.v. testing in large-mammal MI. Following pharmacodynamic studies, a randomized, blinded efficacy study was performed in swine subjected to LAD balloon occlusion (60 min) and reperfusion (24 h). Thirty-six animals were enrolled; 12 were excluded by pre-defined criteria, death before infusion, or technical issues. DMX-10001 was begun 20 min before reperfusion (30 min, 60 mg/kg/h; 23.5 h, 17 mg/kg/h). At all times tested, beginning 30 min after the start of infusion, DMX-5804 concentrations exceeded > fivefold the levels that rescued hPSC-CMs and reduced IS in mice after oral dosing with DMX-5804 itself. No significant reduction occurred in IS or no-reflow corrected for the area at ischemic risk, even though DMX-10001 reduced IS, expressed in grams or % of LV mass, by 27%. In summary, a rapidly cleaved pro-drug of DMX-5804 failed to reduce IS in large-mammal MI, despite exceeding the concentrations for proven success in both mice and hPSC-CMs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number34
JournalBasic Research in Cardiology
Volume116
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by grants to M.D.S. by the Wellcome Trust (WT10638/Z/14/Z, WT205256/Z/16/Z), Apollo Therapeutics (AP22), and British Heart Foundation (CH/08/002/29257).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Preclinical trial of a MAP4K4 inhibitor to reduce infarct size in the pig: does cardioprotection in human stem cell-derived myocytes predict success in large mammals?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this