Prediction of 30-Day Mortality in Older Patients with a First Acute Myocardial Infarction

T Lenderink, AV (Adrián) Hernandez, Eric Boersma, M Martinez-Selles, M Juarez, PL Sanchez, MT Vidan, Maarten Simoons, F Fernandez-Aviles, H Bueno

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Abstract

Objectives: This study sought predictors of mortality in patients aged >= 75 years with a first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and evaluated the validity of the GUSTO-I and TIMI risk models. Methods: Clinical variables, treatment and mortality data from 433 consecutive patients were collected. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were applied to identify baseline factors associated with 30-day mortality. Subsequently a model predicting 30-day mortality was created and compared with the performance of the GUSTO-I and TIMI models. Results: After adjustment, a higher Killip class was the most important predictor (OR 16.1; 95% CI 5.7-45.6). Elevated heart rate, longer time delay to admission, hyperglycemia and older age were also associated with increased risk. Patients with hypercholesterolemia had a significantly lower risk (OR 0.46; 95% CI 0.24-0.86). Discrimination (c-statistic 0.79, 95% CI 0.75-0.84) and calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow 6, p = 0.5) of our model were good. The GUSTO-I and TIMI risk scores produced adequate discrimination within our dataset (c-statistic 0.76, 95% CI 0.71-0.81, and c-statistic 0.77, 95% CI 0.72-0.82, respectively), but calibration was not satisfactory (HL 21.8, p = 0.005 for GUSTO-I, and HL 20.6, p = 0.008 for TIMI). Conclusions: Short-term mortality in elderly patients with a first STEMI depends most importantly on initial clinical and hemodynamic status. The GUSTO-I and TIMI models are insufficiently adequate for providing an exact estimate of 30-day mortality risk. Copyright (C) 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalCardiology
Volume115
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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