Prediction of fetal and neonatal outcomes after preterm manifestations of placental insufficiency: systematic review of prediction models

D. G. Kleuskens, C. M.C. Van Veen, F. Groenendaal, W. Ganzevoort, S. J. Gordijn, B. B. Van Rijn, A. T. Lely, E. Schuit, J. Kooiman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

6 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objectives: To identify all prediction models for fetal and neonatal outcomes in pregnancies with preterm manifestations of placental insufficiency (gestational hypertension, pre-eclampsia, HELLP syndrome or fetal growth restriction with its onset before 37 weeks' gestation) and to assess the quality of the models and their performance on external validation. Methods: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science and EMBASE. Studies describing prediction models for fetal/neonatal mortality or significant neonatal morbidity in patients with preterm placental insufficiency disorders were included. Data extraction was performed using the CHARMS checklist. Risk of bias was assessed using PROBAST. Literature selection and data extraction were performed by two researchers independently. Results: Our literature search yielded 22 491 unique publications. Fourteen were included after full-text screening of 218 articles that remained after initial exclusions. The studies derived a total of 41 prediction models, including four models in the setting of pre-eclampsia or HELLP, two models in the setting of fetal growth restriction and/or pre-eclampsia and 35 models in the setting of fetal growth restriction. None of the models was validated externally, and internal validation was performed in only two studies. The final models contained mainly ultrasound (Doppler) markers as predictors of fetal/neonatal mortality and neonatal morbidity. Discriminative properties were reported for 27/41 models (c-statistic between 0.6 and 0.9). Only two studies presented a calibration plot. The risk of bias was assessed as unclear in one model and high for all other models, mainly owing to the use of inappropriate statistical methods. Conclusions: We identified 41 prediction models for fetal and neonatal outcomes in pregnancies with preterm manifestations of placental insufficiency. All models were considered to be of low methodological quality, apart from one that had unclear methodological quality. Higher-quality models and external validation studies are needed to inform clinical decision-making based on prediction models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)644-652
Number of pages9
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Prediction of fetal and neonatal outcomes after preterm manifestations of placental insufficiency: systematic review of prediction models'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this