Prediction of glomerular filtration rate maturation across preterm and term neonates and young infants using inulin as marker

Yunjiao Wu, Karel Allegaert, Robert B Flint, Sinno H P Simons, Elke H J Krekels, Catherijne A J Knibbe, Swantje Völler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Describing glomerular filtration rate (GFR) maturation across the heterogeneous population of preterm and term neonates and infants is important to predict the clearance of renally cleared drugs. This study aims to describe the GFR maturation in (pre)term neonates and young infants (PNA < 90 days) using individual inulin clearance data (CL inulin). To this end, published GFR maturation models were evaluated by comparing their predicted GFR with CL inulin retrieved from literature. The best model was subsequently optimized in NONMEM V7.4.3 to better fit the CL inulin values. Our study evaluated seven models and collected 381 individual CL inulin values from 333 subjects with median (range) birthweight (BWb) 1880 g (580–4950), gestational age (GA) 34 weeks (25–43), current weight (CW) 1890 g (480–6200), postnatal age (PNA) 3 days (0–75), and CL inulin 2.20 ml/min (0.43–17.90). The De Cock 2014 model (covariates: BWb and PNA) performed the best in predicting CL inulin, followed by the Rhodin 2009 model (covariates: CW and postmenstrual age). The final optimized model shows that GFR at birth is determined by BWb, thereafter the maturation rate of GFR is dependent on PNA and GA, with a higher GA showing an overall faster maturation. To conclude, using individual CL inulin data, we found that a model for neonatal GFR requires a distinction between prenatal maturation quantified by BWb and postnatal maturation. To capture postnatal GFR maturation in (pre)term neonates and young infants, we developed an optimized model in which PNA-related maturation was dependent on GA. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Article number38
Pages (from-to)38
JournalAAPS Journal
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank Kinga N. Fiebig for reviewing the codes of this paper, and Aline G.J. Engbers for providing inputs during discussion.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).

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