Predictors of Gastrointestinal Transit Times in Colon Capsule Endoscopy

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION:Optimizing the accuracy of colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) requires high completion rates. To prevent incomplete CCE, we aimed to identify predictors associated with slow CCE transit times.METHODS:In this population-based study, participants received CCE with a split-dose polyethylene glycol bowel preparation and booster regimen (0.5 L oral sulfate solution and 10 mg metoclopramide if capsule remained in stomach for > 1 hour). The following predictors were assessed: age, sex, body mass index (BMI), smoking, coffee and fiber intake, diet quality, physical activity, dyspeptic complaints, stool pattern, history of abdominal surgery, medication use, and CCE findings. Multivariable logistic and linear regressions with backward elimination were performed.RESULTS:We analyzed 451 CCE procedures with a completion rate of 51.9%. The completion rate was higher among older participants (odds ratio [OR] 1.54, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04-2.28, P = 0.03) and participants with a changed stool pattern (OR 2.27, 95% CI 1.20-4.30, P = 0.01). Participants with a history of abdominal surgery had a lower completion rate (OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.36-0.80, P = 0.003). Participants with higher BMI had faster stomach, small bowel, and total transit times (β = -0.10, P = 0.01; β = -0.14, P = 0.001; β = -0.12, P = 0.01). A faster small bowel transit was found in participants with a changed stool pattern (β = -0.08, P = 0.049) and the use of metoclopramide (β = -0.14, P = 0.001). Participants with high fiber intake had a slower colonic transit (β = 0.11, P = 0.03).DISCUSSION:Younger age, unchanged stool pattern, history of abdominal surgery, low BMI, and high fiber intake resulted in slower CCE transit times and lower completion rates. In future practice, these factors can be considered to adjust preparation protocols.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E00498
JournalClinical and Translational Gastroenterology
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Financial support: This manuscript was submitted on behalf of all authors and they have all contributed to the content of this study.
There are no conflicts of interest. The results of this study were based on a cohort that was derived from the ORCA trial, which was
financed by a grant from Health Holland, including Medtronic, Camerapil BV, and the Dutch Cancer Society

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved.

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