Pregnancy-associated serum N-glycome changes studied by high-throughput MALDI-TOF-MS

BC Jansen, Albert Bondt, KR Reiding, E Lonardi, CJ de Jong, D Falck, GSM Kammeijer, Radboud Dolhain, Y Rombouts, M Wuhrer

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Abstract

Pregnancy requires partial suppression of the immune system to ensure maternal-foetal tolerance. Protein glycosylation, and especially terminal sialic acid linkages, are of prime importance in regulating the pro- and anti-inflammatory immune responses. However, little is known about pregnancy-associated changes of the serum N-glycome and sialic acid linkages. Using a combination of recently developed methods, i.e. derivatisation that allows the distinction between alpha 2,3- and alpha 2,6-linked sialic acids by high-throughput MALDI-TOF-MS and software-assisted data processing, we analysed the serum N-glycome of a cohort of 29 healthy women at 6 time points during and after pregnancy. A total of 77 N-glycans were followed over time, confirming in part previous findings while also revealing novel associations (e.g. an increase of FA2BG1S1(6), FA2G1S1(6) and A2BG2S2(6) with delivery). From the individual glycans we calculated 42 derived traits. With these, an increase during pregnancy and decrease after delivery was observed for both alpha 2,3-and alpha 2,6-linked sialylation. Additionally, a difference in the recovery speed after delivery was observed for alpha 2,3-and alpha 2,6-linked sialylation of triantennary glycans. In conclusion, our new high-throughput workflow allowed the identification of novel plasma glycosylation changes with pregnancy.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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