Premature aging of circulating T cells in patients with end-stage renal disease

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Abstract

Progressive loss of renal function is associated with a dysregulation of circulating T cells that may underlie their impaired T-cell immunity. Here we tested whether end-stage renal disease (ESRD)-related T-cell alterations are compatible with the concept of premature immunological aging. Younger patients (25-45 years old) with ESRD were found to resemble older healthy controls (60-80 years old) as they had a significant loss of naive T cells and a relative increase of memory T cells showing progressive terminal differentiation. A significant decrease in the content of T-cell receptor excision circles and telomere length in patients with ESRD confirmed these phenotypic data. The loss of naive T cells in patients with ESRD was associated with an excessive age-related decrease of recent thymic emigrants, indicating a premature decline in thymic function. Additionally, increased homeostatic proliferation of naive T cells was found in patients with ESRD, similar to that of older healthy individuals, with an increased susceptibility for activation-induced apoptosis. Therefore, both decreased thymic output and increased susceptibility of naive T cells for apoptosis may play a role in the loss of naive T cells in ESRD patients. Thus, our results are compatible with premature aging of the T-cell system of patients with ESRD comparable with that of healthy individuals 20-30 years older. Kidney International (2011) 80, 208-217; doi:10.1038/ki.2011.110; published online 27 April 2011
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)209-218
Number of pages10
JournalKidney International
Volume80
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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