fit this review the preoperative risk assessment and prevention of complications in patients undergoing esophagetctomy for cancer is discussed. Age. pulmonary and cardiovascular condition. nutritional status, and neoadjuvant chemoraditation are known predictive factors. None of these factors is Valid exclusion criterion for esophagectomy. but May help in careful patient selection. Both anesthetists and Surgeons play an important role in intraoperative risk reduction by means of appropriate fluid management and application of optimal Surgical techniques... Slug. Oncol. 2010; 101:270-278. (C) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.