Preparing for the health impacts of climate change in Indigenous communities: The role of community-based adaptation

James D. Ford*, Mya Sherman, Lea Berrang-Ford, Alejandro Llanos, Cesar Carcamo, Sherilee Harper, Shuaib Lwasa, Didacus Namanya, Thomas Marcello, Michelle Maillet, Victoria Edge

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Climate change presents substantial risks to the health of Indigenous peoples. Research is needed to inform health policy and practice for managing risks, with community based adaptation (CBA) emerging as one approach to conducting research to support such efforts. Few, if any, studies however, have critically examined the application of CBA in a health or Indigenous peoples context. We examine the strengths, challenges, and opportunities of health-related CBA research in Indigenous community settings, drawing on the experiences of the multi-nation interdisciplinary Indigenous Health Adaptation to Climate Change (IHACC) project. Data collection was guided by a framework developed to evaluate CBA projects. Semi-structured interviews (n = 114) and focus groups (n = 23, 177 participants) were conducted with faculty-based researchers, institutional partners, community members, students, and trainees involved in the IHACC project in Canada, Uganda, and Peru. Results illustrate the importance of CBA in co-generating knowledge on climate-health vulnerability and adaptation options, capacity building, and informing decision choices. There are also significant challenges of conducting CBA which can have unintended negative consequences, with results emphasizing the importance of managing the tension between health research and tangible and immediate benefits; developing a working architecture for collective impact, including team building, identification of common goals, and meaningful engagement of knowledge users; and the need to continuously monitor and evaluate progress. CBA holds significant promise in a health adaptation context, but only in the ‘right’ circumstances, where considerable time is spent developing the work with partners.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-139
Number of pages11
JournalGlobal Environmental Change
Volume49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the International Development Research Centre IRIACC program, Canadian Institute for Health Research, the Canadian Institute for Health Research Applied Public Health Chair Program, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada, ArcticNet, Fonds de la Recherce en Santé du Quebec, the Public Health Agency of Canada, and the International Development Research Centre. We would like to thank all those who participated in the evaluation project and IHACC more generally, and those who shared their knowledge and experiences with us.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The Authors

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